So you’ve just added a reciprocating saw into your tools arsenal? That’s super cool, and thumbs up for this great decision you’ve made.
Also known as a Sawzall or jigsaw, a reciprocating saw is among Milwaukee’s best creations in the cutting realm. However, it’s predominantly known for its unique design and cutting power, rather than for accuracy.
How Does a Reciprocating Saw Look Like?
A reciprocating saw sports a sturdy but thin blade as well as a short cutting surface. It’s designed for convenient use over a vertical surface and is generally good for ripping off the lumber.
The saw’s blade goes in an elliptical motion as a result of the vertical movement alongside the typical pull and push. This elliptical movement makes it possible to achieve straight cuts when slicing wood.
Recip saws are primarily ideal for small and decorative cutting, but there are sacred techniques and safety tips you must learn to get the straightest and cleanest cuts. Today, we’ll delve on how to cut straight with a reciprocating saw.
So, let’s jump right in.
Tools & Gears Needed to Cut Straight Using a Reciprocating Saw
There are a few add-ons you’ll need to cut straight with a recip saw. These include:
- Safety glasses (or a full face shield) for eye protection
- A pair of safety gloves
- The right saw blade
- A pencil
- Two squares
- Two camps
- A tape measure
Now that you’ve got these tools at reach, let’s see how to cut straight with a recip saw below.
How to Cut a Straight Line off a Horizontal Wooden Board/Plank
With the right techniques at your fingertips, it’s possible to make a clean and straight cut on a plank of wood using a recip saw. To cut a wooden board in a straight line horizontally, first get the fence distance measurements, and put into account the area covered by the foot of the saw as well.
For instance, if you’ve got ½ inch on the recip saw running between the fence and blade, you’ll have to cut the distance between the wood and rail.
Then, using C-clamps, steadfastly clamp down the fence rail along the edge to securely lock the board in position. Clamping the board is necessary to control the vibrations from the saw when cutting. Remember, even the slightest of vibrations can cause the piece to shift from its position, leading to rough cuts in or out of the cut line.
It’s essential to keep the foot of the recip saw at the head with its blade rested on the cutting surface. You’ll be using the positioning of the saw’s foot as a guide.
For excellent outcome, make sure the foot rests on the edge along the side of the fence rail as you cut the wood plank. It’s also best if a foot has a flat edge because it’ll get easier to maintain a straight side pressure on the fence rail while cutting. That way, you won’t be bothered much about whether the blade veers in or out of the line.
How to Cut a Straight Line off a Vertical Workpiece or Surface
You can apply the same basic concept of cutting a straight line off a horizontal wooden board or plank to make straight cuts off vertical walls and partitions.
For the vertical straight cuts, however, you won’t be mounting your surface and fixing a rail as you did with the horizontal straight cuts.
Instead, you simply need to take the required measurements and attach the rail right to the wall using wood screws. You can use this technique to cut a straight vertical line off various materials with a reciprocating saw.
This rule not only applies to materials that need straight-line applications but also those that require boxing of holes using a recip saw. Make sure to use a fence rail whose stud is thick enough on its edges to prevent the foot of the saw from slipping out of the straight cutting line.
Ideally, a fence rail with 2 by 4 stud should be suitable for making a straight vertical cut. Better yet, you can make a fence rail from any appropriate flat scrap material whose edge is straight, and whose length is right to cut the wood.
Additional Features That Boost Success When Cutting Straight With a Reciprocating Saw
Some recip saws come with useful features designed to greatly aid in making a straight cut both horizontally and vertically. Gladly, many affordable recip saw models have these additional features as standard.
Thanks to these add-ons, you can now make the straightest cuts with your recip saw while maintaining your machine's safety and longevity. These bonus features include:
- Anti-vibration handles: For reducing vibrations and minimizing fatigue on a shaky arm
- LED lighting: For illuminating a dark workspace
- Adjustable pivoting shoe: For automatically locating uneven surfaces
- Four-position blade clamps: For making more cuts from additional angles with different lines of sight
- Variable speed trigger/dial: For controlling speeds when cutting materials like wood, metal, or PVC piping
Safety Measures to Observe When Cutting Straight with a Reciprocating Saw
You’re probably aware that a recip saw is a crude tool that can cause hazardous injuries. Therefore, every user must exercise some preventative measures when using the tool.
The following are safety measures to keep an eye on when cutting straight using a recip saw:
- Always don your safety goggles, dust mask, hearing protection, and gloves when operating a recip saw.
- Steer clear of a long-sleeved dust coat when operating a saw. A saw bald can easily trap it, leading to physical injuries.
- Do not change the saw’s blade or any other accessory unless the machine is unplugged or completely switched off. Unplugging the unit is safer than putting it off. If switched off, the saw may accidentally turn on, causing injuries.
- Watch out for kickback and binding at all times. These are common issues that can cause the blade to come out and leave additional damage or threats.
- Do not swap the blade or any other accessory with bare hands immediately the unit is switched off. Due to friction, a saw becomes too hot after cutting wood. Let the saw rest before you start to change its blade, so you don’t feel the heat.
- When cutting straight, start slow to avoid spoiling your workpiece. You’re allowed to go full blast only after you’ve made a cut line.
- Finally, be cautious when handling a recip saw. Its blade can cut you even if it doesn’t look razor-sharp. Recip saws have what it takes to inflict severe physical injuries.
Hopefully, you now know how to cut straight with a reciprocating saw. Cutting a straight line with a recip saw is easy only if you choose the correct blade and follow our outlined procedure above.
With the right blade and correct technique, you can cut a straight line off any material either horizontally or vertically. A reciprocating saw is hard to replace when it comes to cutting boards, tiles, concretes, drywalls, pipes, etc.
As we part, we recommend wearing the appropriate safety gear every time you’re handling a reciprocating saw. A recip saw is useful and dangerous in equal measure, so always unplug it from the power source when not in use.